A study to assess the effectiveness of balloon therapy on respiratory status of patients with lower respiratory tract disorders in medical wards of MGMC & RI, Puducherry

Breathing is the bridge between mind and body, the connection between consciousness and unconsciousness. It is one of the important functions of our body. A person can only live from 5 to 10 seconds without taking another breath. Respiratory disease is a significant chronic health problem in our society. Chronic respiratory disease is found to be one of the most distressful conditions, badly affecting human life. The world Health Organization (2011) shows that by mid century, morbidity and mortality from respiratory diseases will reach record at high levels. The report of “ world health statistics 2011” says that, 235 million people currently suffer from asthma, 90% of COPD deaths occur in low and middle income countries and >3 million people died of COPD in 2005. The lower respiratory tract infection pneumonia remains that most common infection seen in the community and among hospitalized patient. National disease statistics (2011) worldwide shows a high prevalence of respiratory morbidity among patients with respiratory disorders. It says that COPD is the third leading cause of death in America. 12.7 million U.S adults (aged 18 and above) were estimated to have COPD, 10.1 million American reported chronic bronchitis and 4.7 million with emphysema. Most of the disease burden in India is due to the respiratory disorders namely asthma, bronchitis, and tuberculosis (TB) and pneumonia. It is the process of blowing a commercially available balloon obtained from the same pack for a diameter of 7 inches for a frequency of 8 to 10 times a day for 6 consecutive days. The balloon will be given with a measuring wire of 7 inches. A recording sheet is provided to the patients to document the frequency of the therapy. Quantitative research approach with pre experimental one group pre -test and post-test research design was selected for this study. The study sample comprises of patient with lower respiratory tract disorders admitted in medical wards of MGMC &RI. The respiratory status of the patient was assessed by using respiratory rate, lung volume assessed by spirometry, and dyspnoea scale with a grading score. After pre-test, balloon therapy given, duration of 6 days 8 times in a day. On the seventh days the post test was assessed by the same tool. Therefore the finding of the study revealed the importance of balloon therapy showed improvement in the respiratory status among lower respiratory tract disorders patients. The study participant gets benefited by participating in this study.

Dr. Danasu, R., Sathiyakala, K. and Revathi, D.
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Int J Inf Res Rev
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