Introduction: Kidney cancer is the most important cancer site because of high lethality rates and increasing incidence in some parts of the world mainly among all Caucasian populations and in Asia. The countries of Asia share a great deal in terms of culture while markedly differing in their levels of economic development. There are a number of active registries in the region and population-based data are now available for a considerable number of countries. Methods: This study was an ecologic study in Asia for assessment the correlation between age-specific incidence and mortality rate (ASR) with Human Development Index (HDI) and its details that include: Life expectancy at birth, Mean years of schooling and Gross national income (GNI) per capita. we use of correlation bivariate method for assessment the correlation between ASR and HDIand its details. Statistical significance was assumed if P< 0.05. All reported P-values are two-sided. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS (Version 15.0, SPSS Inc). Results: Asia in countries with the highest standardized incidence of kidney cancer include Israel in the standard rate (10), the Republic of Korea (8), Turkey (6.5). Also standard are the countries with the highest mortality rate Turkey (8/3), Korea, Democratic Republic of (5/2), State of Palestine (4/2) of one hundred thousand Jmyt.byn standardized incidence of kidney cancer in positive correlation with the Human Development Index (655/0) and significant (P <0.001) were observed, and the dimensions of human development indicators, including life expectancy at birth and mean level of education and income per person is also a significant positive correlation. The positive correlation between HDI and standard attenuation is (285/0), but this correlation is not statistically significant (P = 0.055). Conclusion: The projections indicate that kidney cancer in Asia follows an increasing trend in incidence, mortality and prevalence. This needs to be considered in order to plan more effective prevention and treatment measures.