Current survey of female genital mutilation in darfur

Though the number is on the increase throughout the world each day, an estimated 100 million females worlwide so far are known to have been subjected to genital mutilation. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), which is also known as Female Circumcision (FC) is a life threatening practice that results in many long lasting health complications in women and children’s lives especially in underdeveloped regions where its practice is carried out under unhygenic conditions by people who lack medical knowledge even without using any anesthesia and equipment. Furthermore, this non-medical practice brings about a number of both immediate and later complications. In addition to causing sexually dysfunctioning, the other immediate effects following the circumcision can be bleeding, infections. psychological shock, and not being able to pass urine. Other complications include repetitive infections of urinary tract, urinary genital tract fistula, pelvic pain, sexual dysfunctioning, complications during delivery such as bleeding because of tears and cuts, and maternal and fatal morbidity in case of prolonged stages of labour thus leading to an increase in mortalities. Despite the opposition of World Health Organisation (WHO), UNICEF and the efforts of many Civil Works Organisations along with the legislations of the Sudan Government for its eradication, circumcision is still continuing to be practised in Darfur Sudan. The aim of conducting this study was to find out the possible factors that persist underlying this practice, the attitude of the women to the practice who underwent this experience themselves, suffered in their marital life and birthgiving because of the process and thus to find out what position these women would take regarding their daughters to be circumcised and consequently to find out if campaigns or legislations to eradicate this practice would be likely to produce a change and finally suggest a position to stop this practice.

Ozer Birge
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Int J Inf Res Rev
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