Clinical andepidemiological profile ofinjuries in maxillofacial complex: study of a brazilian population

Introduction: facial injuries are presented in different ways and variable complexity. The treatment of these lesions are established according to their length, depth, degree of contamination, etiologic agents and exposure time. Objective: this study aimed to evaluate the clinical epidemiological profile of soft tissue injuries in patients with maxillofacial traumas of a Brazilian population. Methods: the retrospective cross-sectional study was performed with a sample of 213 patients attended in an emergency medical service. All clinical and socio-demographic data were collected from medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using descriptive statistics. Results: from the total sample 81,2% (n=173) were male. The data shows that motorcycle accidents (46.9%; n=100), interpersonal violence (20.7%; n=44) and falls (10.3%; n=22) constitute the main etiological agents related to injuries of the face. The chop wounds (42.7%; n=91), abrasions (16.9%; n=36) and split lacerations (11.3%; n=24) were the most prevalent lesions of maxillofacial complex. The frontal (20.7%; n=44), buccal (16%; n=34) and orbital regions (15.5%; n=33) were the most affected anatomical sites by trauma. Conclusion: the maxillofacial trauma is more predominant in males. Motorcycle accidents are the most prevalent causes of soft tissue injuries of the facial complex. The frontal, buccal and orbital regions are the most commonly sites affected by injuries.

Sérgio Éberson da Silva Maia, Alérico Dias Vieira, Natã Cavalcante-Pereira, Danilo Costa Sampaio, Paulo Victor da Silva Araújo, Matheus Inácio de Lima and Thiago Fonseca-Silva
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Int J Inf Res Rev
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